New Delhi: On October 21, 1943, Azad Hind government was formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that he would lay the foundation stone of a museum dedicated to the Azad Hind Fauj.
The Azad Hind Government was a provisional government for ‘free India in which Bose himself declared as the Prime Minister and the minister of war.
On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday hoisted the national flag at the Red Fort to mark the 77th anniversary of the ‘Azad Hind Government’ which was headed by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
During a video conference with BJP workers on Wednesday, Modi said, “I will have the opportunity to participate in a flag-hoisting ceremony at Red Fort on October 21. Now you will ask – why the flag-hoisting on October 21? I know some people will criticise even this. What is the significance of this day? This October 21, it will be 75 years of Subhas Chandra Bose’s ‘Azad Hind Government,” was quoted as saying by DNA India.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, which was a part of Bengal Province’s Orissa Division.
After completing his school education, Bose studied at Presidency College for a brief period. He then studied philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta. After that, he went to Britain for further studies.
Bose also joined the Independence movement and became a member of the Congress party. However, he had major ideological clashes with leading figures like Mahatma Gandhi and Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.
In 1938, he became the President of the party but was removed after several clashes with Gandhi and the party’s high command. He differed with Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology methods of non-violence and wanted to announce war against the British.
In 1942, Captain-General Mohan Singh established Azad Hind Fauj in Singapore, but it disbanded later on. With the help of Indians who were living in Southeast Asia, Bose revived the Indian National Army and assumed its charge.
Bose gave the speech for independence and his famous slogan ‘Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!’ in 1944 to members of the Indian National Army.
In 1944 his army fought with the British around the areas of Imphal and Kohima. The struggle of the British army to battle with the combined force of Netaji-led INA and Japan during World War II, has been stated as the ‘greatest ever battle involving British forces’ in a contest run by the National Army Museum in London.