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Independence Day: Know Why Prime Minister ‘Hoists’ National Flag

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Kolkata: Today India is celebrating its 75th INDEPENDENCE DAY with the tricolour being hoisted at several nooks and corners of the country.

However, an interesting fact is that we might call ourselves an independent country for 75 years, but not a Republic or a Sovereign state for the same number of years. We are a Republic for 72 years as India celebrated its first Republic Day on January 26, 1950 — the day the Indian Constitution came into force.

There are several other interesting facts about the Indian flag. Like, we ‘hoist’ the flag on August 15 and ‘unfurl’ it on January 26. Why?

Going by the tradition, the Prime Minister hoists the flag up with the aim to honour the historical event of Independence Day. While, on Republic Day, the national flag remains closed and tied up on the top of the pole, which is then unfurled without pulling it. This activity is done to commemorate the fact that the nation is already independent.

The second relevant difference is that, on Independence Day, country’s Prime Minister, being the head of the government, hoists the flag. Whereas, on the occasion of Republic Day, January 26, the President of India unfurls the flag. The President attends the event as the first citizen of the country and the constitutional head.

On August 15, flag hoisting ceremony takes place in the national capital followed by the Prime Minister’s address to the nation. Whereas, on Republic Day, march by the three Indian security forces (Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Air Force), tableau of all the states and Union Territories are generally taken out for parade at the Rajpath.

The Indian Flag Code was modified on January 26, 2002. This code allowed the citizens to hoist the tricolour over their houses, offices, etc, the permission of which wasn’t there prior to 2002.

Here are certain other rules one must know before hoisting the national flag:

The Indian national flag should be made from hand-spun and handwoven khadi silk/wool/cotton. It should have three rectangular panels of saffron (Kesari), white with Ashok chakra (a wheel at the centre having 24 spokes) and green colour at the bottom.

The national flag should be rectangular in shape with length to height (width) in the ratio of 3:2.

A damaged or dishevelled national flag should not be displayed.

Wherever the flag is displayed, it should occupy the position of honour and be distinctly placed.

Where the flag is displayed in the open, it should, as far as possible, be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of the weather.

There are other nations too who share August 15 as their national day with us. These countries are Bahrain, North and South Korea and Liechtenstein.

ALSO READ: PM Narendra Modi Bats For Elections In J&K

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