October 2, Gandhi Jayanti, is marked and celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence by the The United Nations.
The Mahatma as he is called, was born on 2 October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, marking his 151st birth anniversary today and is one of the three national holidays celebrated in India.
Mahatma Gandhi had always stood for peace and gave world the philosophy of non-violence or Ahimsa, believing that only non-violence could achieve the highest objective of freedom of mankind.
“Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man”, according to Mahatma Gandhi.
The UN General Assembly, in a resolution, initiated celebration of the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi as the International Day of Non-Violence.
The main objective of the day is to “disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness”, as per the UN.
UN chief Antonio Guterres said, “On this International Day of Non-violence, I reiterate my call for a global ceasefire. Making this a reality before the end of the year would ease suffering, help lower the risk of famine and create space for negotiations towards peace. Now is the time to intensify our efforts”.
On this International Day of Non-violence, I reiterate my call for a global ceasefire.
Making this a reality before the end of the year would ease suffering, help lower the risk of famine & create space for negotiations towards peace.
Now is the time to intensify our efforts. pic.twitter.com/BI06r7USsh
— António Guterres (@antonioguterres) October 2, 2020
Famous for his propagation of ahimsa or non-violence, Gandhiji initiated Dandi March, protest organized by Indians against the salt tax imposed by the British in 1930.
A lawyer by profession, Gandhiji soon became a man of the masses for his fantastic ability to deliver speeches and his social work.
The Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement being some of his popular movements, his fight was not only against the British rule but also against many superstitious practices in India.
He also fought against the caste system in India, untouchability and spread awareness about equality and unity.
In 1921, he took leadership of the Indian National Congress and urged India to become self-reliant and leave British products.
The image of Gandhiji spinning the charkha became symbol of the freedom struggle.